Saturday, April 30, 2011

Vermeer, Johannes

View of Delft
c. 1660-61 Oil on canvas
96.5 x 115.7 cm
Royal Cabinet of Paintings Mauritshuis, The Hague

Jan or Johannes Vermeer van Delft (1632 - 1675).
Dutch genre painter who lived and worked in Delft, created some of the most exquisite paintings in Western art.
His works are rare.
Of the 35 or 36 paintings generally attributed to him, most portray figures in interiors.
All his works are admired for the sensitivity with which he rendered effects of light and color and for the poetic quality of his images.

Friday, April 29, 2011

Raphael Sanzio

Portrait of a Nude Woman (the 'Fornarina')
c. 1518
Oil on panel
85 x 60 cm
Galleria Nazionale, Rome

Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520)
Raphael was enormously productive, running an unusually large workshop, and despite his death at thirty-seven, a large body of his work remains.
He was extremely influential in his lifetime, though outside Rome his work was mostly known from his collaborative printmaking.
After his death, the influence of his great rival Michelangelo was more widespread until the 18th and 19th centuries, when Raphael's more serene and harmonious qualities were again regarded as the highest models.

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Hopper, Edward

A Woman in the Sun
1961, Oil on canvas, 40 x 60 inches,
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

Hopper, Edward (1882-1967). American painter.
He painted American landscapes and cityscapes with a disturbing truth, expressing the world around him as a chilling, alienating, and often vacuous place.
Everybody in a Hopper picture appears terribly alone.
Hopper soon gained a widespread reputation as the artist who gave visual form to the loneliness and boredom of life in the big city.

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Vernet, Horace

Angel of Death
Oil on canvas, 146 x 113 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Vernet, Horace (1789 - 1863)
French painter.
He was one of the most prolific of French military painters, specializing in scenes of the Napoleonic era.
He remained an ardent Bonapartist, and his chief work was the huge Gallery of Battles at Versailles, painted for Louis Philippe.
He also did animal and Oriental subjects.

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Renoir, Pierre-Auguste

Portrait of Mademoiselle Legrand
oil on canvas
32 x 23.5 inches (81 x 60 cm)
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841 - 1919)
French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
In characteristic Impressionist style, Renoir suggested the details of a scene through freely brushed touches of color, so that his figures softly fuse with one another and their surroundings.

Monday, April 25, 2011

Fernando Yáñez de la Almedina

Saint Catherine
Oil on canvas, 212 x 112 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

Fernando Yáñez de la Almedina (1475? - 1536)
Spanish painter.
He was one of the most important early Renaissance painters in Spain.
Of morisco origin, he went to Italy to study art, in the process becoming familiar with the work of Leonardo da Vinci.
Upon his return to Spain, he collaborated with Hernando de los Llanos on a number of pieces.

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Rembrandt, Harmenszoon van Rijn

The Jewish Bride
c. 1665
Oil on canvas, 121,5 x 166,5 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

Rembrandt, Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606 - 1669)
He was born in Leiden on July 15, 1606.
His family life was marked by misfortune.
Between 1635 and 1641 Saskia(his wife) gave birth to four children, but only the last, Titus, survived; her own death came in 1642- at the age of 30.
Hendrickje Stoffels, engaged as his housekeeper about 1649, eventually became his common-law wife and was the model for many of his pictures.
His personal life, continued to be marred by sorrow.
His beloved Hendrickje died in 1663, and his son, Titus, in 1668- only 27 years of age.
Eleven months later, on October 4, 1669, Rembrandt died in Amsterdam.

Saturday, April 23, 2011

Kalf, Willem

Still-Life with an Aquamanile, Fruit, and a Nautilus Cup
c. 1660
Oil on canvas, 111 x 84 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Kalf, Willem (1622 - 1693)
Dutch painter.
One of the most celebrated of all sill-life painters.
His pictures have often been compared with those of Vermeer because of his masterly handling of texture and his ability to manipulate warm and cool colours (he frequently contrasts the reddish browns in a carpet with the yellow of a peeled lemon and the blue and white of porcelain).

Friday, April 22, 2011

David, Jacques Louis

The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis
Oil on canvas
Private collection

David, Jacques Louis (1748-1825), French painter.
He was painter to the king, Louis XVI, who had been the purchaser of his principal works, and his popularity was soon immense.
At the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, David was carried away by the flood of enthusiasm that made all the intellect of France believe in a new era of equality and emancipation from all the ills of life.

Thursday, April 21, 2011

Ryckaert, Maerten

Pastoral Landscape
Oil on oak panel, 26 x 37 cm
Private collection

Ryckaert, Maerten
Flemish painter (1587 - 1633)
Born and raised in Antwerp, Martin Ryckaert traveled to Italy and then became a member of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke.
His work was characterized by rocky forest landscapes, often with waterfalls, ruins, and architecture, in what was then regarded as, and called, the "Italian manner."
Due to a birth defect, he had only one arm.

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Renoir, Pierre Auguste

La Promenade
The Walk
Oil on canvas
32 x 25 1/2 in (81.3 x 65 cm)
J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California

Renoir, Pierre Auguste (1841-1919)
He seems to have had the enviable ability to see anything as potentially of interest.
More than any of the Impressionists, he found beauty and charm in the modern sights of Paris.
He does not go deep into the substance of what he sees but seizes upon its appearance, grasping its generalities, which then enables the spectator to respond with immediate pleasure.

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Gogh, Vincent van

Girl in the Woods
Oil on canvas
Private collection

Vincent Willem van Gogh (1853-1890) was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th century art for its vivid colors and emotional impact.
He suffered from anxiety and increasingly frequent bouts of mental illness throughout his life and died, largely unknown, at the age of 37 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Tragically, Van Gogh died not knowing the acclaim his art would receive.
Today his legacy is immortal and he will be forever known as one of the greatest artists of the modern era.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Marastoni, Jakab

Portrait of a Woman
Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm
Private collection

Marastoni, Jakab (1804 - 1860)
Hungarian painter of Italian descent.
He was one of the most productive Hungarian painters of his age.
The delicate touch, the warm colours and the harmonic composition made him popular with the public.

Saturday, April 16, 2011

Gogh, Vincent van

The Old Tower in the Fields
Oil on Canvas on Cardboard
Private collection

Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890) is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, though he had little success during his lifetime.
His fame grew rapidly after his death especially following a showing of 71 of van Gogh's paintings in Paris on March 17, 1901 (11 years after his death).

Monet, Claude

The Thames at Westminster (Westminster Bridge)
Oil on canvas
47 x 72.5 cm (18 1/2 x 28 1/2")
Collection Lord Astor of Hever; National Gallery, London

Claude Monet (French, 1840 –1926), was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting.

Thursday, April 14, 2011

Tiziano, Vecellio

Woman in a Fur Coat
Oil on canvas, 95 x 63 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Tiziano, Vecellio (1490 - 1576)
Titian was recognized as a towering genius in his own time
 and his reputation as one of the giants of art has never been seriously questioned.
He was supreme in every branch of painting and his achievements were so varied - ranging from the joyous evocation of pagan antiquity in his early mythologies to the depths of tragedy in his late religious paintings that he has been an inspiration to artists of very different character.

Hals, Nicolaes

Dune Landscape
Oil on panel, 49 x 73 cm
Private collection

Dutch painter, Haarlem school (1628 - 1686).
Five of Frans Hals's sons were painters.
Harmen Hals, Frans Hals the Younger (1618-1669) and Reynier Hals (1627-1671) were all genre painters, while Nicolaes Hals specialized in landscape printing, and Johannes Hals (1635-74) painted portraits, genre and history subjects.

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Modigliani, Amedeo

Young Redhead in an Evening Dress
 Oil on canvas
Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA

Italian painter and sculptor Amedeo Modigliani (1884 - 1920)
He developed a unique style.
Today his graceful portraits and lush nudes at once evoke his name, but during his brief career few apart from his fellow artists were aware of his gifts.
Modigliani had to struggle against poverty and chronic ill health, dying of tuberculosis and excesses of drink and drugs at the age of 35.

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Kobell, Wilhelm von

The Siege of Cosel
Oil on canvas, 202 x 305 cm
Neue Pinakothek, Munich

German painter (1766 - 1853).
He developed his father(landscape painter)'s style of landscape painting as well as producing a number of battle pictures.
Stylistically, Kobell based his work on Dutch art.
He spent time in Paris, but evaded the influence of the theatrical battle scenes in vogue there.

Monday, April 11, 2011

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique

Pauline Eleanore de Galard de Brassac de Bearn, Princesse de Broglie
Oil on canvas
47 3/4 x 35 3/4 in
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique (1780-1867).
French painter, the son of a minor painter and sculptor.
He is a puzzling artist and his career is full of contradictions.
He was a bourgeois with the limitations of a bourgeois mentality, but as Baudelaire remarked, his finest works `are the product of a deeply sensuous nature'.

Sunday, April 10, 2011

Thiele, Johann Alexander

View of Dresden from the Loessnitz Heights
Oil on canvas, 103 x 156 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden

Thiele, Johann Alexander (1685 - 1752)
German Baroque painter and etcher.
From 1729 he was court painter in Arnstadt, then from 1738 court painter in Dresden.
He specialized in landscape painting.
Thiele was perhaps the first to carry the art to perfection in Germany.

Saturday, April 9, 2011

Cranach, Lucas the Elder

The Fountain of Youth
Lime panel, 122,5 x 186,5 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472 – 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving.
He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he embraced with enthusiasm, becoming a close friend of Martin Luther.

Friday, April 8, 2011

Veerendael, Nicolaes van

Flower Still-Life
Oil on canvas, 56 x 43 cm
Private collection

Veerendael, Nicolaes van (1626 - 1691)
Flemish painter.
He was a member of the Antwerp Guild of St Luke by 1657. Apart from some allegorical scenes with monkeys in the style of Jan Breughel the Elder and David Teniers the Younger, van Veerendael painted flower-pieces.

Thursday, April 7, 2011

Landseer, Sir Edwin Henry

The Arab Tent
Oil on canvas, 154 x 226 cm
Wallace Collection, London

Landseer, Sir Edwin Henry (1802 - 1873)
English painter, sculptor, and engraver of animal subjects.
He was the favourite painter of Queen Victoria and his friends included Dickens and Thackeray.

Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Hals, Frans

Boy with a Lute
ca. 1625
Oil on canvas
28 3/8 x 23 1/4 in. (72.1 x 59.1 cm)
Bequest of Benjamin Altman, 1913
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Frans Hals (the Elder) (c. 1580 – 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter.
He is notable for his loose painterly brushwork, and helped introduce this lively style of painting into Dutch art.
Hals was also instrumental in the evolution of 17th century group portraiture.

Tuesday, April 5, 2011

Rousseau, Henri

Femme se promenant dans une foret exotique (Woman Walking in an Exotic Forest)
Oil on canvas, 99.9 x 80.7 cm (39 3/8 x 31 3/4 in)
The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

Rousseau, Henri, known as Le Douanier Rousseau (1844-1910).
French painter, the most celebrated of naïve artists.
His character was extraordinarily ingenuous and he suffered much ridicule (although he sometimes interpreted sarcastic remarks literally and took them as praise) as well as enduring great poverty.
However, his faith in his own abilities never wavered.

Monday, April 4, 2011

Redon, Odilon

Le Bouddha (The Buddha)
c. 1905
Pastel on paper
98 x 73 cm (35 1/2 x 28 3/4 in)
Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Redon, Odilon (1840-1916).
French painter and graphic artist, one of the outstanding figures of Symbolism.
He remained virtually unknown to the public until the publication of J.K. Huysmans's celebrated novel A Rebours in 1884; the book's hero, a disenchanted aristocrat who lives in a private world of perverse delights, collects Redon's drawings, and with his mention in this classic expression of decadence, Redon too became associated with the movement.

Sunday, April 3, 2011

Cézanne, Paul

Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes
c. 1879-80
Oil on canvas
38.5 x 46.5 cm (15 1/8 x 18 1/4 in)
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg; No. 3KP 1580.
Formerly collection Bernhard Koehler, Berlin

Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906) , one of the creators of modern art, was called the ``solidifier of Impressionism''.
And indeed he does not draw his picture before painting it: instead, he creates space and depth of perspective by means of planes of color, which are freely associated and at the same time contrasted and compared.

Saturday, April 2, 2011

Klimt, Gustav

Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I
Oil and gold on canvas
138 x 138 cm
Private collection

Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement.
His major works include paintings, murals, sketches, and other art objects.

Friday, April 1, 2011

Dael, Jan Frans van

Flower Still-Life
Oil on canvas, 108 x 82 cm
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Belgian painter (1764 - 1840)
Van Dael trained at the Academy in Antwerp, winning prizes for architecture in 1784 and 1785.
He began his career as a decorator of buildings.
Under the influence of his contemporaries, he turned to flower painting, a speciality in which he achieved great success.