Saturday, November 26, 2011


A Sibyl
Oil on canvas, 123 x 89 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome

Domenico Zampieri (or Domenichino; 1581 – 1641) was an Italian Baroque painter and was one of the finest draughtsmen of his generation and also an excellent portraitist.
His work, developed principally from Raphael's examples, represents what would become known as classic-idealist art, which aims to surpass the imperfections of nature by developing an "Idea of Beauty" through the study and imitation of the best examples of ancient and Renaissance art. The dignified frieze-like composition of the figures reflects his study of Raphael's tapestries.
In the 18th century his reputation was enormous - his Last Communion of St Jerome was generally regarded as one of the greatest pictures ever painted - but he fell from grace in the 19th century.
In addition to his interest in the theory of painting (he was well educated and bookish), he was devoted to music, not as a performer but to the invention of instruments.