Thursday, December 29, 2011

Mondrian, Piet

Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red
Oil on canvas
72.5 x 69 cm (28 1/2 x 27 1/8 in.)
Tate Gallery, London

Piet Mondrian (1872 – 1944) was a Dutch painter.
He is recognized as the purest and most methodical of the early abstractionists.
He radically simplified the elements of his artwork in an effort to reflect what he believed to be the order underlying the visible world. His use of asymmetrical balance and a simplified pictorial vocabulary were crucial in the development of modern art.
Abstract artists believed that painters, sculptors and architects must work together to build a new world, where people can live in balance with the laws of the universe. The forms that fit this philosophy had to be clear. Straight lines and corners were used.

The surfaces were painted in the primary colors red, blue and yellow and in the non-colors white, and black. All unnecessary shapes and colors were abolished and the works were limited to planes of basic colors divided by absolute horizontal and vertical lines. This universal vision, based on Mondrian's intuition and insight, gave rise to an orderly and balanced beauty.
Mondrian's iconic abstract works remain influential in design and familiar in popular culture.

A contemporary and disciple of the famous cubists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Mondrian challenged the definition of art itself, working with simple lines, right angles, correct geometric figures and pure, primary colors. His work attained a level of abstraction far beyond that of even his most progressive colleagues.