Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Tang Yin

Lady Pan's Round Fan
Hanging scroll, ink and color on silk
150.4 x 63.6 cm (59.21x25.04 inches)
by Tang Yin(1470-1523), Ming dynasty
National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

The main figure in this painting is Fair Lady Pan (Pan Chieh-yu, ca. 48-6 BC). Because she had since childhood excelled at poetry and prose, Emperor Ch'eng-ti of the Han (ca. 33-7 BC) chose her as part of his court, initially giving her the rank of Junior Maid. Not long thereafter she was promoted to Chieh-yu ("Lady of Handsome Fairness").

Tang Yin (Chinese:1470 – 1523), better known by his courtesy name Tang Bohu, was a Chinese scholar, painter, calligrapher, and poet of the Ming Dynasty period (1368 - 1644) whose life story has become a part of popular lore, who emerged from the vital merchant class of a local province at a very low economic level of the son of a restaurant operator. He is one of the most notable painters in Chinese art history.

Though he was a brilliant student with high hopes for a distinguished governmental civil service career, he was accused of bribing the servant of one of the chief examiners of the National Examinations to give him the examination questions in advance, and then returned to his home village near nowadays Shanghai in disgrace.

In later days of his life, he pursued a life of pleasure and earned a living by selling his paintings.
Even though he was born during Ming Dynasty, Many of his paintings were illustrated with elements from Pre-Tang to Song Dynasty (12th centuries).
While Tang is associated with paintings of feminine beauty, his paintings, especially landscapes, otherwise exhibit the same variety and expression of his peers and reveal a man of both artistic skill and profound insight.