Saturday, January 21, 2012

Derain, Andre

Oil on canvas
52" x 6' 4 3/4" (132.1 x 195 cm)
William S. Paley and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Funds.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York

André Derain (1880 – 1954) was a French painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse.
Together with Henri Matisse, Derain was one of the major exponents of Fauvism from 1905 to 1908. Like the other artists who worked in this style, he painted landscapes and figure studies in brilliant, sometimes pure colors and used broken brushstrokes and impulsive lines to define his spontaneous compositions.
Derain broke with Fauvism in early 1908. He destroyed most of his work to concentrate on tightly constructed landscape paintings, which were a subtle investigation of the work of Cézanne. After World War I his work became more classical, influenced by the work of such artists as Camille Corot. His art underwent virtually no change after the 1920s, though his more conservative style brought him financial success.
In 1954 Derain was knocked down by a truck and was taken to hospital. At first it was thought he was not seriously injured, but the shock was too much for a man in his seventies. He failed to recover.