Sunday, April 1, 2012

Jongkind, Johan Barthold

River Scene
Oil on canvas
52.1 x 80 cm
The National Gallery, London

"It is Paris where I am recognized as a painter" (Jongkind)
Jongkind, Johan Barthold (1819 - 1891). Dutch landscape painter, active mainly in France, where he was a precursor of Impressionism. He was highly esteemed by the artistic community and art lovers. His friend Monet acknowledged him as the most significant formative influence on his work.

Although he was better appreciated during his lifetime than van Gogh, in some ways his career is similar to that of Gogh. Both artists made a greater impression abroad than in their own country, both failed to adjust to the society of their time, both endured much poverty and were troubled by serious psychological problems, and sensational aspects of their lives - in Jongkind's case it was alcoholism - have interfered with a balanced appraisal of their achievement.