Thursday, July 12, 2012

Le Corbusier

gouache and pen and ink on paper
20.6 x 30.6 cm (8 1/8 x 12 in.)
private collection

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, better known as Le Corbusier (1887 - 1965), was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. He was an internationally influential Swiss architect, city planner, designer, urbanist and writer, famous for being one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture and his career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India and America.

Le Corbusier's designs combine the functionalism of the modern movement with a bold, sculptural expressionism. He belonged to the first generation of the so-called International school of architecture and was their most able propagandist in his numerous writings. In his architecture he joined the functionalist aspirations of his generation with a strong sense of expressionism. He was the first architect to make a studied use of rough-cast concrete, a technique that satisfied his taste for asceticism and for sculptural forms.