Thursday, August 30, 2012

Picasso, Pablo

The Red Armchair
Oil and Ripolin on panel
131.1 x 98.7 cm (51 5/8 x 38 7/8 in.)
The Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, USA

In 1931, Picasso began a series of paintings of his mistress, Marie Therese Walter, of which "The Red Armchair" was the first. Perhaps acknowledging the double life they were leading, Picasso invented a new motif - a face encompassing the both frontal and profile views. A constant innovator Picasso experimented beyond form and style, exploring different materials in his work.
The Red Armchair demonstrates the use of Ripolin, an industrial housepaint, mixed with oil paint, to produce a variety of surfaces, from the yellow roughened background to the almost brushless finish of black paint.

"Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso", known as Pablo Picasso, (1881 – 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. One of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore.

He demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His revolutionary artistic accomplishments brought him universal renown and immense fortune, making him one of the best-known figures in 20th century art. Based on sales of his works at auctions, he holds the title of top ranked artist. He was also a prolific artist with estimates of 50,000 works of art production in his lifetime, including paintings, drawings, sculptures, etc..

For the last three decades of his long life Picasso lived mostly in south of France. He worked up until the day he died at age 91; literally painting till 3 am on Sunday, April 8th, which was just hours before his death. He died while he and his wife Jacqueline Roque entertained friends for dinner. Jacqueline prevented his children Claude and Paloma from attending the funeral. Picasso was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence, a property he had acquired in 1958 and occupied with Jacqueline between 1959 and 1962. Devastated and lonely after the death of Picasso, Jacqueline took her own life by gunshot in 1986 when she was 59 years old.
Pablo Picasso's final words were “Drink to me, drink to my health, you know I can’t drink any more.”