Friday, April 19, 2013

Momper, Joos de the Younger

A Summer Landscape with Harvesters
oil on canvas
166.4 x 251.1 cm
The Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo

Throughout Momper's career it was not uncommon for him to work with other painters, as he did here with Jan Brueghel, who would add figures and animals to his landscapes. Brueghel, the son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and a master in his own right, specialized in flowerpieces, landscapes, and genre scenes.

Joos de Momper the Younger (1564 - 1635), also known as Josse de Momper, is one of the most important Flemish landscape painters between Pieter Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens. Brueghel's influence is clearly evident in this many of de Momper's paintings.

He came from an old painting family of Antwerp and was named after his grandfather who was also a landscape painter. He learned to paint from his father Bartholomeus de Momper and in 1581 he became a  master in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke.

Momper primarily painted landscapes, the genre for which he was well regarded during his lifetime. He painted both fantasy landscapes, viewed from a high vantage point and employing a conventional Mannerist color transition of brown in the foreground to green and finally blue in the background, and more realistic landscapes with a lower viewpoint and more natural colors. His wide panoramas also feature groups of figures.