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Sunday, April 27, 2014

Fernando de Szyszlo


Inkarri
1968
Acrylic on wood
59 1/4 x 59 1/4 in.
location unknown
-Fair use-

Fernando De Szyszlo Valdelomar (1925-), born in Lima, is a Peruvian painter and art critic who is a key figure in advancing abstract art in Latin America since the mid-1950s, and one of the leading plastic artists in Peru.

He studied at the School of Plastic Arts of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. At the age of 24 he traveled to Europe where he studied the works of the masters, particularly Rembrandt, Titian and Tintoretto, and absorbed the varied influences of cubism, surrealism, informalism, and abstraction.

While in Paris he met Andre Breton and frequented the group of writers and intellectuals that met regularly at the Cafe Flore engaging in vigorous discussions on how they could participate in the international modern movement while preserving their Latin American cultural identity.

Upon his return to Peru, he became a major force for artistic renewal in his country breaking new ground by expressing a Peruvian subject matter in a non-representational style. In 1951, his first exhibition after the return from Europe marked an important milestone in the Peruvian art. He is also interested in pre-Columbian art and rescued their ancestral roots, heading a remarkable synthesis of tradition and innovation that has powerfully influenced many painters in the latest generations of Peruvian artists. He has taught at the universities of Cornell , Yale and Texas (USA) .

The Inkarri myth is one of the most famous legends of the Inca. When the Spanish conquistadores tortured and executed the last ruler of the Inca people, Atahualpa, he vowed that he would come back one day to avenge his death. According to the legend, the Spaniards buried his body parts in several places around the kingdom: His head is said to rest under the Presidential Palace in Lima, while his arms are said to be under the Waqaypata (Square of tears) in Cuzco and his legs in Ayacucho. Buried under the earth he will grow until one day, when he will rise, take back his kingdom and restore harmony in the relationship between Pachamama (the earth) and her sons. Since it has been passed on orally for many generations, several different versions of the Inkarri myth exist. The name Inkarri probably evolved from the Spanish Inca-rey (Inca-king). (Wikipedia)