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Friday, June 6, 2014

Jose Malhoa


Fado
1910
oil on canvas
150 cm × 183 cm
Museu da Cidade, Lisbon, Portugal

“Fado” is a symbol of the portuguese nationality, even it is not the national song. From region to region, Portugal possesses several rich and typical folk music. However, it is appreciated and recognized in all the portuguese country. The spirit of “Fado” is the expression of a collective soul, made of each one’s soul. It represents a Portuguese multicultural synthesis of Afro-Brazilian sung dances, local traditional genres of song and dance, musical traditions from rural areas of the country brought by successive waves of internal immigration, and the cosmopolitan urban song patterns of the early nineteenth century. Fado songs are usually performed by a solo singer, male or female, traditionally accompanied by a wire-strung acoustic guitar and the Portuguese guitarra - a pear-shaped lute with twelve wire strings, unique to Portugal, which also has an extensive solo repertoire.Fado was added to UNESCO’s list of World’s Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Jose Vital Branco Malhoa, known simply as Jose Malhoa (1855-1933), was the leading name in Portuguese naturalist painting, in the second half of the 19th century, who was born in Caldas da Rainha. He came to Lisbon to learn the trade of wood carver, but as fate would have it, he changed to the art of painting. He attended the Lisbon Fine Arts Academy.
He painted often popular scenes and subjects. He always remained faithful to the naturalist style, but in some of is works, there are impressionist influences.