Saturday, June 14, 2014

Luigi Premazzi

Veduta dell'Ospedale Maggiore di Milano
oil on canvas
54 x 71.8 cm
Fondazione Cariplo, Milan, Italy

This painting documents the facade of Milan’s Ospedale Maggiore in 1842. Built by order of Francesco Sforza in 1456 to designs by the Florentine architect Antonio Averlino, better known as Filarete, and expanded over the centuries by the leading Lombard architects. The perspective view of the facade, with Via del Perdono and the church of San Nazaro Maggiore in the background, is based on the tried and tested model adopted in depictions of the building by Giovanni Migliara, with whom Luigi Premazzi was associated as a pupil and copyist, and his many imitators.

Luigi Premazzi (1814-1891) was an Italian painter, mainly of watercolor urban vies. He attended the Brera Academy of Fine Arts. His early watercolors were produced for the lithographic industry. His works are characterized by a repertoire of urban views produced in accordance with the dictates of perspective painting. His smooth, precise painting shows the influence of his contemporary Luigi Bisi in its descriptive focus on architectural detail. He presented work regularly at the exhibitions of the Societa Promotrice di Belle Arti in Turin as well as those of the Brera Academy. Having moved to Saint Petersburg around 1850, he became a teacher at the Imperial School of Fine Arts there in 1861. Frequent stays in the Caucasus and the Middle East provided new subjects for his paintings, which he continued to send to Italian exhibitions, where they aroused wonder and curiosity.