Sunday, July 13, 2014

Hans Gude

Winter Afternoon (Vinterettermiddag)
oil on canvas
50.5 × 36 cm
National Gallery of Norway, Oslo, Norway

Hans Fredrik Gude (1825-1903) was a Norwegian romanticist painter and is considered to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters. He has been called a mainstay of Norwegian National Romanticism.

He spent forty-five years as an art professor and so he played an important roll in the development of Norwegian art by acting as a mentor to Norwegian artists. Young Norwegian artists flocked to wherever he was teaching.
He also served as a professor at the Berlin Academy of Art from 1880 to 1901. He is associated with the Dusseldorf school of painting.

His early works are of idyllic, sun-drenched Norwegian landscapes which present a romantic, yet still realistic view of his country. Around 1860 he began painting seascapes and other coastal subjects. He had difficulty with figure drawing initially, and later he would work specifically on his figures. He initially painted primarily with oils in a studio, basing his works on studies he had done earlier in the field. However, as he matured as a painter he began to paint en plein air and espoused the merits of doing so to his students. Over the course of his lifetime he won numerous medals, was inducted as an honorary member into many art academies, and was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav.