Saturday, July 5, 2014

Lippi, (Fra) Filippo

c 1443
oil on Wood
203 x 186 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

Fra Filippo Lippi (c.1406-1469), also called Lippo Lippi, was an Italian painter.
In 1458, Fra Filippo sets about painting frescoes picture for the convent chapel of S. Margherita of Prato, where he met Lucrezia Buti, a novice monk, the beautiful daughter of a Florentine. Lippi asked that she might be permitted to sit for the figure of the Madonna. Under that pretext, Lippi abducted her to his own house, and kept her there despite the nuns' efforts to reclaim her. The result was their son Filippino Lippi, who became a painter no less famous than his father.

Lippi died in 1469 while working on the frescoes of Scenes of the life of the Virgin Mary. The mode of his death is a matter of dispute. It has been said that the pope granted Lippi a dispensation for marrying Lucrezia, but before the permission arrived, Lippi had been poisoned by the indignant relatives of either Lucrezia herself or some lady who had replaced her in the inconstant painter's affections.

He was highly regarded in his day and his influence is seen in the work of numerous artists, most notably Botticelli. Four centuries later he was one of the major sources for the second wave of Pre-Raphaelitism.
He had always been zealously patronized by the Medici family, beginning with Cosimo de' Medici.