Thursday, August 14, 2014

Thomas Ender

c. 1845
pencil and watercolor on paper
27.9 × 38 cm
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria

Thomas Ender (1793-1875) was an Austrian painter, watercolourist, engraver and draughtsman. He was twin brother of Johann Ender (see Aug.13 exhibit), who was also a painter. He also studied at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, becoming a noted landscape painter. He received various prizes from the academy, most notably the grand prize for painting in 1816 in the landscape category. The prize-winning painting was acquired by Prince Metternich, who became his principal patron.

Going to Brazil in 1817, on the Natural History Scientific Expedition. During his short stay of 10 months, he painted panoramas of the coast and urban scenes, portraying churches, public buildings and squares. He returned to Austria in 1818, and in the following year, accompanied the emperor Francis I on travels to Italy, subsequently receiving a scholarship to Rome. In 1824, he was appointed a member of the Akademie der Bildenden Kunste of Vienna, remaining in the position until 1850. From 1829 onwards, in parallel to his position at the academy, he became the official court painter to Archduke Johann, the brother of the emperor Francis I. In this position, he painted landscapes of the Austrian Alps and the travels of the archduke.

More than any other traveler of the period, he had a mastery of landscape painting. In his works, it is possible to note the careful observation of vegetation, the care with perspectives and planes and the fixing of urban space from various points of observation.