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Saturday, February 28, 2015

Francois de Troy


Marie de Bourbon as the Duchess of Orleans (The youngest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV)
c.1685
other detail unknown

Francois de Troy (1645-1730) was a French painter and engraver, part of a family of painters. He became principal painter to King James II in exile at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Director of the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture.

Antoine de Troy (1608-1684) was a painter of modest renown in the Languedoc region. His elder son Jean de Troy (1638-1691) established an academy of art in Montpellier. Antoine's younger son Francois de Troy became a fashionable portrait painter in Paris, with a style of portraiture based on Flemish and Dutch models that included van Dyck and Rembrandt. The son of Francois, Jean-Francois de Troy, made his name as a painter of portraits, history subjects and tapestry designs, but he is known chiefly for his Rococo 'tableaux de modes', representing fashionable life and amorous encounters.

Francois de Troy was taught the rudiments of painting by his father. Some time after 1662 he moved to Paris to study with the portrait painter Claude Lefebvre. In 1671, he was approved by the Academie Royale. After Lefebvre's death in 1675, he dedicated himself to portraiture in the hope of attracting the same clientele as his late teacher.

In 1679 he received his first important commission, for a portrait of a Swedish ambassador, and a year later was commissioned for the portrait of Anne-Marie of Bavaria. Following these successes, his clients included Mme de Montespan and her descendants, especially her son by Louis XIV, Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, Duc du Maine, and his wife. Henceforth, he worked continuously in court circles for nearly five decades and was highly praised for his ability to capture the nobility's preoccupation with manners, sartorial modes and social position.