Friday, April 17, 2015

Gheorghe Tattarescu

Nemesis, zeita razbunarii
oil on canvas
152x102 cm
The Bucharest City Museum, Romania

Gheorghe Tattarescu (1818-1894) was a Moldavian-born Romanian painter and a pioneer of neoclassicism in his country's modern painting.

He started out as an apprentice to his uncle, a church painter, and he went on to study at a painting school. An orthodox church bishop helped him obtain a scholarship in Rome. While there, he made copies paintings by Raphael, Bartolome Esteban Murillo, Salvatore Rosa, and Guido Reni.

He was a participant in the 1848 Revolution in Wallachia. After the revolution, he painted portraits of Romanian revolutionaries in exile. Romantic nationalist ideals were the inspiration for his allegorical compositions with revolutionary and patriotic themes. In 1864, together with painter Theodor Aman, he founded the National School of Fine Arts in Bucharest. He was a professor there for a long time after, and served as the School's headmaster for two years. In 1865, he wrote Useful Principles and Studies on Proportions of the Human Body and Drawing after the Most Famous Painters.