Thursday, April 16, 2015

Henric Trenk

Julius Sigerus as a Child
Brukenthal National Museum, Sibiu, Transylvania, Romania
other detail unknown

Henric Trenk (1818-1892) was a Swiss-born Romanian painter and graphic artist, best known for his Romantic landscapes. Born to an ethnic German family, he studied at the Kunstakademie in Dusseldorf, in the Kingdom of Prussia's Rhine Province. He first arrived in the Austrian-ruled region of Transylvania around 1846, and moved to Wallachia in 1851. He remained in Wallachia as it became a constituent part of the Romanian Kingdom, and never again left its territory. Later in life, he was naturalized a Romanian.

He was an official illustrator of the magazines printed by the Romanian Commission of Historical Monuments. He traveled throughout the regions of Muntenia and Oltenia, creating a large number of oil paintings featuring rural scenes, historical relics, and natural scenes. He was also active in research towards improving the paint used in fine arts, publishing in several chemistry journals. His aim was to find a paint which would be durable, but also matte, avoiding distracting reflections on the painting's surface.