Wednesday, April 15, 2015
Max Hermann Maxy
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Max Hermann Maxy (1895-1971) was a Romanian painter, set designer, and art professor of German-Jewish descent.
In 1902, following his mother's early death, he and his family moved to Bucharest. Between 1913 and 1916, he studied at the School of Fine Arts. He fought in World War I, an experience which significantly influenced his painting. In 1922 and 1923, he studied in Berlin, Germany, and joined the November Group, a Socialist German cultural organization which promoted expressionist art. Constructivism dominated his early works, but he later began painting in a moderate modernist style (noted for its realism and narrative mode).
He became a set designer for the Jewish theater in Bucharest in 1939. In 1941, when anti-Jewish legislation was passed in Romania, he became the director of this theater. During this time, he also taught students excluded from the Romanian public education system at the private Jewish School of Arts. He became the director of the National Museum of Art of Romania and, in 1949, a university professor at the Nicolae Grigorescu Institute of Arts. Beginning in 1954, he received many awards from the Communist Romanian government.
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