Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Alfredo Valenzuela Puelma

Fez boy
oil on canvas
28 x 20 cm
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile

Alfredo Valenzuela Puelma (1856-1909) was a Chilean painter, painting nudes pioneer in country. He is considered one of the great pioneers of contemporary Chilean painting. He starred in a troubled life due to his controversial personality and artist noted mainly in the genres of portraiture and the nude, which cultivated under the stylistic criteria fully classics.

During his youth, he combined career in medicine with his artistic vocation, until he finally decided to devote itself to the latter, although in a sense, his nudes have some anatomical study. Trained at the Academy of fine arts of Santiago, in 1881 he moved to Europe on a scholarship to complete studies in Paris, then the world centre of art. After a two year stay in Chile, in 1887 he returned to Paris, where he was already an appreciated artist, then traveled to Spain, and in 1890 he returned to his native country.

He is described by contemporary historians as a misunderstood artist temperamental character, anticlerical tendencies and politically contentious, what in life earned him many problems.
Its recognition as an artist came only in the old continent Chile since his most famous works were criticized by the more conservative members of society as well as the church and women's groups.