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Thursday, June 25, 2015

Eliseu Visconti


Maternity
1906
oil on canvas
size unknown
Pinacoteca do Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil

Eliseu Visconti, born Eliseo d'Angelo Visconti (1866-1944) was an Italian-born Brazilian painter, cartoonist, and teacher. He is considered one of the very few impressionist painters of Brazil and the initiator of the art nouveau in Brazil.

He entered in 1884 the Liceu de Artes e Oficios do Rio de Janeiro. Parallel to his studies in the Liceu, he entered the Brazilian Imperial Academy. In 1888 he received a gold medal at the Academy. Thanks to a prize received, in 1892 he travelled to Paris, where he attended the Ecole des Beaux Arts the following year. He also took classes at the Academie Julian and the Ecole nationale superieure des arts decoratifs. He was accepted at the Salon de la Nationale des Beaux Arts and at the Salon of the Societe of des Artistes Francais.

As one of the Brazilian representatives to the Exposition Universelle 1900 he exhibited paintings for which he received a silver medal. Back in Brazil, he obtained the first place in a contest for the drawing of postal stamps for the Brazilian Casa da Moeda. He returned once to Europe, where he exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1905. In 1906, he was selected as a professor of painting at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, the same Imperial Academia renamed after the proclamation of the republic. He accepted the position the following year after returning to Brazil, where he remained a teacher until 1913.

In 1913, he returned to Europe in order to paint large scale panels. His plans to return to Brazil are interrupted by the First World War so he stays in France until 1920. In 1923, he painted the mural decoration of Rio de Janeiro's municipal council hall. In 1924, he painted the panel depicting the signature of the first Republican Constitution, for the old federal court, also in Rio de Janeiro.