Thursday, July 30, 2015

Jose Clemente Orozco

detail of Mural at the Casa de los Azulejos
other details unknown

Jose Clemente Orozco (1883-1949), born in a provincial city in the Mexican coastal state of Jalisco, was a Mexican painter and lithographer, who specialized in bold murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance. He is known as one of the "Big Three" muralists along with Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros. He was fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realistic and more fascinated by machines than Rivera. He was known for being a politically committed artist. He promoted the political causes of peasants and workers. At the age of 21, he lost his left hand while working with gunpowder to make fireworks.

With Diego Rivera, he was a leader of the artist movement known as Mexican Muralism. An important distinction he had from Rivera was his critical view of the Mexican Revolution. While Rivera was a bold, optimistic figure, touting the glory of the revolution, he was less comfortable with the bloody toll the social movement was taking.