Monday, July 13, 2015

Thomas Doughty

Delaware Water Gap
oil on canvas
59.41 x 82.29 cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA, USA
for more paintings of this artist
art group of Imaginary-Museum
Thomas Doughty (1793-1856), born in Philadelphia, was the first American artist to work exclusively as a landscapist and was successful. He was also an early member of the Hudson River School: a group of painters who painted views of the area around the Catskill Mountains in New York State. His work was lyrical and intimate in feeling, yet retained the sensation of broad space and limitless horizons.
He was trained in leather manufacturing and began a career as a businessman from sixteen years old until twenty-seven. At that age, he decided that the leather business did not suit him and, having taken a few lessons in sepia drawing, started out as an artist. In 1820, he turned to art completely, and by 1822, was exhibiting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and two years later was elected an academician. In 1827, he was elected an honorary member of the National Academy of Design. He worked mostly in Philadelphia, but also lived and worked in Boston and New York.
He was also a creative lithographer, and from 1830 to 1834, published a monthly journal called Cabinet of Natural History and American Rural Sports. In this publication, birds and animals were drawn precisely with landscape backgrounds by him.